长沙托福阅读的细节题如何答

作者:朗阁小编老师来源:朗阁教育时间:2021-02-23 16:48:03

摘要:托福阅读的细节题如何答

前面一种的难题方式如:Which of the following statement is true about…   后面一种的难题方式有:which of the following statements are correct about…EXCEPT 换句话说 which of the following statement is not true about….   托福阅读中的细节题确实不会太难,但标准是定位的点要对,如同下边这一练习题:   Two species of deer have been prevalent in the Puget Sound area of Washington State in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The black-tailed deer, a lowland, west-side cousin of the mule deer of eastern Washington, is now the most common. The other species, the Columbian white-tailed deer, in earlier times was common in the open prairie country, it is now restricted to the low, marshy islands and flood plains along the lower Columbia River.   According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true of the white-tailed deer of Puget Sound?   A. It is native to lowlands and marshes.   B. It is more closely related to the mule deer of eastern Washington than to other types of deer.   C. It has replaced the black-tailed deer in the open prairie.   D. It no longer lives in a particular type of habitat that it once occupied.   这是一个典型性的细节题,在该题题目中,有的学生会挑选Puget Sound做为枢纽词回全文定位,因为它是专业名词,在原文中会较为醒目。可是倘若一旦挑选了这一地名大全,必定会定位在此段的第一句话,toefl细节题通常是定位在几句就在几句找谜面,那样的话学生是选出不来精确谜面的,因为定位不精准。确实精确的枢纽词应该是white-tailed deer,这一用连字符联接的词在文章内容中也是较为醒目的,按本词定位应以此段最终一句话。因此依据它的意思应当选D项。在其中A项与原话含意不符合,B和C都和定位句信息内容不相干。   大家再看来此外一个否认客观事实细节题的事例:   Plant communities assemble themselves flexibly, and their structure depends on the particular history of the area. Ecologists use the term "succession" to refer to the changes that happen in plant communities and ecosystems over time. The first community in a succession is called a pioneer community, while the long-lived community at the end of succession is called a climax community. Pioneer and successional plant communities are said to change over periods from 1 to 500 years. These changes—in plant numbers and the mix of species—are cumulative. Climax communities themselves change but over periods of time greater than about 500 years.   According to paragraph 1, which of the following is NOT true of climax communities?   A. They occur at the end of a succession.   B. They last longer than any other type of community.   C. The numbers of plants in them and the mix of species do not change   D. They remain stable for at least 500 years at a time.   这一题大伙儿都是会挑选用climax communities去定位,但在定位全过程中会涌起甚多题型。最先学生要学好跳跃性定位,即依据文章内容中独特的标点及其最醒目的词来检索大家真实必须的枢纽词。原文中的particular是加了暗黑的,succession是在冒号里边的,都十分醒目,根据看这两个词大家会发觉他们四周沒有大家必须的物品;再较为突起的便是数据及破折号,在500的上边有a climax community,但它是奇数,与题目枢纽词不彻底配对,细节题注重的是精准定位,因此大家应当挑选500斜下边的Climax communities,即此段的最终一句话。   否认客观事实细节题的出卷思路有二种:一是胡编乱造,四个选项只有一个沒有提及,这类思路多合用以选项较为简洁明了的题目题型;二是弹冠相庆,即依据定位点的內容描述,只有一个选项与之矛盾,这类思路多融入于选项较为长的题目题型。就这个练习题来讲,依据定位的最终一句话,从描述上而言跟它有关的仅有C和D2个选项,D项的意思与原话相符合,而C项与原话矛盾,因此精确谜面是C。   总的来说,做托福阅读的细节题,最重要的一点便是要尽可能地去精准定位,防止掉入托福阅读圈套中去。 (编写:张剑乔)

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